Today is Easter Sunday. I had planned to put together a brief “Sunday Summary” today but got stranded in Phuket Town where I had gone yesterday to work on clearing out my old apartment. My transport was more than seven hours late and I am just too tired to do anything except relax and watch a movie or something. I had also planned to put together an article for Philatelic Pursuits this weekend illustrating the various Easter stamps released by different countries this year. I gathered images of many nice stamps but, again, I just want a lazy night. A few of the stamps illustrate this article but I will try to do a full-fledged “Catalogue” next year.
I am starting my second week of Summer Vacation (or, as we call it here, my Holiday Period). I spent most of last week at my apartment in Kata Beach, working on the Philatelic Pursuits website (including adding a Gallery feature to the Stamp Schedule pages for each country — I have finished the A’s and B’s already). I did some cleaning and a bit of reading. Most dinners were either 7-Eleven microwaved meals or baked potatoes from the night market. Since last week saw me focusing on more stamp-related activities, I plan to concentrate on creating teaching materials in the early part of this week. Thursday is the Thai New Year (Songkran) and I plan to be out in the midst of the world’s largest water fight. Hopefully, I will have some images to share.
Easter is also called Pascha (Aramaic, Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday and is a Christian festival and cultural holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary circa 30 AD. It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus Christ, preceded by Lent (or Great Lent), a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.
Easter-observing Christians commonly refer to the week before Easter as Holy Week, which in Western Christianity begins on Palm Sunday (marking the entrance of Jesus in Jerusalem), includes Spy Wednesday (on which the betrayal of Jesus is mourned), and contains the days of the Easter Triduum including Maundy Thursday, commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. In Eastern Christianity, the same days and events are commemorated with the names of days all starting with “Holy” or “Holy and Great”; and Easter itself might be called “Great and Holy Pascha”, “Easter Sunday”, “Pascha” or “Sunday of Pascha”. In Western Christianity, Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts seven weeks, ending with the coming of the 50th day, Pentecost Sunday. In Eastern Christianity, the Paschal season ends with Pentecost as well, but the leave-taking of the Great Feast of Pascha is on the 39th day, the day before the Feast of the Ascension.
Easter and its related holidays are moveable feasts, not falling on a fixed date; its date is computed based on a lunisolar calendar (solar year plus Moon phase) similar to the Hebrew calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established only two rules, namely independence from the Hebrew calendar and worldwide uniformity. No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies. It has come to be the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March. Even if calculated on the basis of the more accurate Gregorian calendar, the date of that full moon sometimes differs from that of the astronomical first full moon after the March equinox.
The English term is derived from the festival of the Anglo-Saxon Spring goddess Ēostre; Easter is also linked to the Jewish Passover by its name (Hebrew: פֶּסַח pesach, Aramaic: פָּסחָא pascha are the basis of the term Pascha), by its origin (according to the synoptic Gospels, both the crucifixion and the resurrection took place during the week of Passover) and by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. In most European languages, both the Christian Easter and the Jewish Passover are called by the same name; and in the older English versions of the Bible, as well, the term Easter was used to translate Passover.
Easter customs vary across the Christian world, and include sunrise services, midnight vigils, exclamations and exchanges of Paschal greetings, clipping the church (England), and decoration and the communal breaking of Easter eggs (a symbol of the empty tomb). The Easter lily, a symbol of the resurrection in Western Christianity, traditionally decorates the chancel area of churches on this day and for the rest of Eastertide. Additional customs that have become associated with Easter and are observed by both Christians and some non-Christians include Easter parades, communal dancing (Eastern Europe), the Easter Bunny and egg hunting. There are also traditional Easter foods that vary by region and culture.
Thailand — where I live — is more than 95 percent Buddhist and so Easter is not widely celebrated. I saw advertisements for a service today in Phuket Town and another the mentioned a sunrise service at one of the beaches as well as a picnic in a municipal park.